The different kinds of expertise required for this project, e.g. risk engineering socio-economic impacts and governance, will be taken in charge by organisms highly specialized in these topics. The project brings together research centres, laboratories and a technologically advanced SME so that research products will be declined rapidly in a usable way. The scientific expertise and the technical competences of the 7 partners with regard to mountain risks, vulnerability of systems, socio-economical impacts, are partly overlapping ensuring good complementarity of the partners, but at the same time, they strongly supplement each other.
BRGM (Coordinateur), http : //www.brgm.fr
BRGM is the French national institute for research on earth and environmental sciences. The Bureau is responsible for the sustainable management of earth resources. In addition to contributing to the advancement of basic knowledge in earth sciences, research activities aim to provide support for public policies and decision making, and also to contribute to the development of innovative technologies featuring research in public / private partnership. With a staff of 850, the BRGM can combine the experience and skills of specialists in the following fields of activities: modelling in earth sciences, sustainable management of water and mineral resources, natural hazards, industrial environment and processing procedures, energy and environmental metrology. The BRGM has significant experience in participating in and co-ordinating national, trans-national projects and has contributed significantly to EU research for the last 15 years within the context of the European Framework Programmes(ACI CatNAt SAMOA, ANR RGCU-SIGMA, ANR ECCO-Ecoupref, ANR CTT-SEGG, ANR SISCA, FP6-Lessloss, FP7-Insure, FP7-SAFELAND, FP7-DIGISOIL) mainly focused on risks evaluation, impacts to society and remediation.
LIVE : Laboratoire Image, Ville, Environnement, http : //imaville.u-strasbg.fr
LIVE (is a research laboratory in geography and environment. It gathers about 40 members with 10 PhD students. Its research domains focus on 1) socio-environmental context and risks, 2) local mobility of people, and urban planning and management. Research topics are risks modelling, quality of life and land use land cover changes; information and knowledge definition and extraction; remote sensing and image processing, GIS and geovisualization. The LIVE has experience in participating in and co-ordinating national and trans-national projects. The group is involved in European projects of landslide monitoring and risk assessment (EC-SAFELAND, EC-Changes, EC-ERANET ChangingRISKS).
EOST/IPGS : Institut de Physique du Globe de Strasbourg, http : //eost.unistra.fr
IPGS includes about 70 scientists, 30 technical and administrative staff people and about 60 PhD. students. The global research area covered by IPGS is Earth Sciences with research performed on seismology, geodesy, geomagnetism, tectonics and orogenesis, and geohazards (earthquakes, landslides, volcanoes), extensively using geophysical methods. The research groups ‘Experimental Geophysics’ & ‘Global Dynamics and Active Deformation’ are internationally recognized for their expertise in near surface geophysics, in particular regarding the use of combined optical and seismic/acoustic monitoring, the development of inversion tools of geophysical parameters, the use of correlation technique for displacement analysis (based on images or point clouds data) and for advanced data mining approaches using statistics. The group also develops spatial analysis tools for the estimation of landlside and debris flow hazards (e.g. location of source areas, estimation of temporal probabilities of occurrences and of intensity parameters). The group is involved in the monitoring of several active clayey landslides in France through the INSU SNO - OMIV Observatory on Landslides). The group is involved in European projects of landslide monitoring and risk assessment (EC-Mountain Risk, EC-SAFELAND, EC-Changes, EC-ERANET ChangingRISKS).
GEODE : Géographie de l’Environnement, www.geode.univ-tlse2.fr
GEODE (Environmental Geography) laboratory is a joint CNRS (INEE)/UTM structure with 37 permanent members and 30 PhD students focusing their scientific activities on studies of environmental and landscape processes from the reconstruction of natural and socio-ecological processes in a long term duration to spatial modelling or to the establishment of prospective scenarios, by way of management expertise and the development of contemporary processes. Its research axes ‘Processes and contemporary issues of environnent and landscapes’ and ‘Modelling spatiotemporal trajectories of landscapes’ are nationally and internationally recognised in the domain of risk analysis and modelling future LUCC. GEODE’s expertise is supported by a long experience in applied research to mountainous regions (Pyrenees, Massif Central, southern Alps) based on which it has developed several research projects (ANR, ACI, PCR, FEDER Programmes [ANPYR, FLUXPYR], OHM Pyrénées) and thematic networks (RTP Paysage et Environnement). This laboratory is involved in the monitoring of the InEE Vicdessos “Human – Environment” Observatory in the Pyrénées.
PRODIG is a plurisciplinary research unit of CNRS (INSH section), which includes geographers (geomorphologists, climatologists and hydro-geomorphologists), economics, agronomists, anthropologists and lawers). It is associated with universities Paris 1, Paris 4, Paris Diderot, and institutions EPHE and IRD. Composed of 92 members (researchers, professors, lecturers, administrative staff), this research unit focuses on the relationship between "Environment and Development". Within this unit, a group of 27 researchers, professors and lecturers focuses on environmental dynamics (Theme 2 - Environments and risk management). The evolution of physical settings are reconstructed at different time scales (millennia, centuries, decades), to highlight how global change can threaten man-made structures. One main objective is to help societies to cope with both instantaneous events (instantaneous hazards), with progressive but inexorable constraints (climate and its consequences on biodiversity, practices, etc.). One of the strengths of this team concerns modeling methods, from field investigations to geomatics, remote sensing and geosimulation.
IRSTEA / Grenoble, http : //www.irstea.fr/node/118
Irstea is a research institute for environmental and agricultural engineering. It is a public research institute that targets results directly useable in land and water management. The goal is to produce new knowledge and technical innovations for use by managers, decision-makers and companies in providing answers to the specific questions raised by society concerning resource management, land use and development. The “Mountain ecosystems” (EM: Ecosystèmes montagnards) Research unit focuses on the analysis of the dynamics of mountain ecosystems. It aims at providing management tools for those environments, which bring together biodiversity conservation as well as economic and social functions. Its researches contribute to improve the knowledge of ecosystem functioning (functioning of plant communities, processes modelling, validation of ecological concepts and theories in mountain systems, spatial modelling) and to develop operational methods and tools serving ecological management and engineering of mountain ecosystems. The team members of the EM research unit developed specific competences related with the experimental characterization and the numerical modelling of the role played by mountainous forest in preventing natural hazards. Numerical models of the protective function of forest against different hazards (rockfall, avalanches, landslides and erosion) included the forest dynamics have therefore been developed
GEOHYD, http : //www.geo-hyd.com
Geo-Hyd is a consultancy providing services in computing and the environment. It has about twenty collaborators including scientists in agronomy and geology and technologists in computing and geomatics and GIS. Many of them intervene in masters at the Universities of Orléans, Tours and Limoges. Since its inception, the company has invested in the entire processing chain of environmental data, from acquisition in the field to development in communication operations. These skills dedicated to the environment take the form of a virtuous circle that structures our internal organization into several activities: acquisition and production of data, management and control of data, modelling and representation of data, development of tools for decision support, interpretation of data.